Laws Around The Globe That Protect Gender Identity - allbodies.

Laws Around The Globe That Protect Gender Identity

Laws Around The Globe That Protect Gender Identity

Check out these countries around the world providing protection for their transgender citizens. Oh hey, USA! We got some catching up to do...

HERE ARE SOME LAWS THAT SHOW SOME PROGRESS AROUND THE WORLD:

 

NEPAL: In 2007, Nepal was the first country to recognize the need of a third gender. Four years later, they applied the law to include a third gender in their census and passports. (2)

 

ARGENTINA: In 2012, Argentina passed the Gender Identity Law which gave people over the age of 18 the right to the recognition of their gender identity, free development of their person according to their gender identity, to be treated according to their gender identity and to be identified in that way in the documents proving their identity in terms of the first name/s, image and sex recorded there. (3)

 

DENMARK: In 2014, the Danish Parliament passed a law for gender recognition in which people can change their gender marker in legal documents and accept the basic right to self-determination of trans persons who are 18 years or older. There is no requirement of psychiatric diagnoses or medical certifications, which destigmatized trans folk as mentally disordered. (4)

 

MALTA: In 2015, Malta’s government enacted the Gender Identity, Gender Expression and Sex Characteristics Act which allows for the recognition and registration of the gender of a person, as well as protection of a person’s sex characteristics. This law also gives people the right to bodily integrity and physical autonomy. The law acknowledges that “gender identity is considered to be an inherent part of a person which may or may not need surgical or hormonal treatment or therapy. (5)

 

URUGUAY: In 2018, The Comprehensive Law for Trans People was passed which massively expands protections for the transgender community. The new law defines gender-affirming surgery and hormone therapy as a right and ensures those treatments will be paid for by the Uruguayan state (yes, you read that correctly!). It also reserves 1% of jobs in the government for transgender people, and sets up a fund to pay reparations to transgender people who faced persecution when the country was under a military dictatorship from 1973 to 1985. (6)

+ References

(1) Liptak, Adam.  “Supreme Court Revives Transgender Ban for Military Service.” nytimes.com https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/22/us/politics/transgender-ban-military-supreme-court. html

(2) Young, Holly. “Trans Rights: Meet the Face of Nepal’s Progressive “Third Gender” Movement.” theguardian.com https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2016/feb/12/trans-rights-meet-the-face-of-nepals-progressive-third-gender-movement

(3) Transgender Europe. “Argentina Gender Identity Law.” tgeu.org https://tgeu.org/argentina-gender-identity-law/

(4) Transgender Europe. “Denmark Goes Argentina.” tgeu.org https://tgeu.org/denmark-goes-argentina/

(5) https://tgeu.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Malta_GIGESC_trans_law_2015.pdf

(6) The Associated Press. “Uruguay passes law granting rights to trans people” apnews.com https://www.apnews.com/3595d9e5837f4d07abe2715dd6cde671

(1) Liptak, Adam.  “Supreme Court Revives Transgender Ban for Military Service.” nytimes.com https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/22/us/politics/transgender-ban-military-supreme-court. html

(2) Young, Holly. “Trans Rights: Meet the Face of Nepal’s Progressive “Third Gender” Movement.” theguardian.com https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2016/feb/12/trans-rights-meet-the-face-of-nepals-progressive-third-gender-movement

(3) Transgender Europe. “Argentina Gender Identity Law.” tgeu.org https://tgeu.org/argentina-gender-identity-law/

(4) Transgender Europe. “Denmark Goes Argentina.” tgeu.org https://tgeu.org/denmark-goes-argentina/

(5) https://tgeu.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Malta_GIGESC_trans_law_2015.pdf

(6) The Associated Press. “Uruguay passes law granting rights to trans people” apnews.com https://www.apnews.com/3595d9e5837f4d07abe2715dd6cde671

FIND HELP

  • Mt. Sinai Center For Transgender Medicine and Surgery

  • Daley Laing

  • Laura Stein, LMSW

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